ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES ETRANGERES EN ALGERIE

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ENSEIGNEMENT DES LANGUES ETRANGERES EN ALGERIE

APPRENTISSAGE: FRANCAIS ET ANGLAIS AUX TROIS CYCLES: PRIMAIRE-MOYEN-SECONDAIRE


    direct and indirect speech

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    achwak

    Date d'inscription : 05/01/2010
    Age : 25
    Localisation : béjaia

    direct and indirect speech

    Message par achwak le Mer 31 Mar - 17:15

    When you write sentences in indirect speech you must follow:1 - present simple - past simple
    2- past simple - past perfect
    3- present continuous - past continuous
    4- present perfect - past perfect
    5- present perfect continuous - past perfect continuous
    6- past continuous - past perfect continuous
    7-future - conditional
    can - could
    may - might
    must - had to
    will - would
    shall - should
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    achwak

    Date d'inscription : 05/01/2010
    Age : 25
    Localisation : béjaia

    direct and indirect speech

    Message par achwak le Mer 31 Mar - 17:26

    this - that.
    these - those.
    now -then or that moment.
    here - there.
    yesterday - the previous day.
    tomorrow - the following day or the next day.
    before - previously.
    yet - already

    NAIM2010

    Date d'inscription : 03/11/2010
    Age : 23
    Localisation : Bouira

    Re: direct and indirect speech

    Message par NAIM2010 le Ven 5 Nov - 13:51

    Thank you very much to these rules

    hugo boss

    Date d'inscription : 25/03/2011

    Re: direct and indirect speech

    Message par hugo boss le Dim 27 Mar - 21:13

    Hello everybody,
    I'd like to add important remarks concerning reported speech which I think are worth mentioning.
    1/could,should,might,would ,ought to,when used in direct statements,do not change in indirect statements.
    2/Conditional type one changes to conditional type two in indirect statements;whereas conditional type 2 and 3 remain unchanged in indirect statements.
    3/The past simple when used in time clauses in direct statements ,does not change in the indirect statements.
    avatar
    achwak

    Date d'inscription : 05/01/2010
    Age : 25
    Localisation : béjaia

    direct and indirect speech with if

    Message par achwak le Jeu 28 Avr - 10:03

    If John is cursing, it means that he is very angry."
    She said (that) if John is cursing, it means that he is very angry. (if this is a general truth)
    She said if John was cursing, it meant that he was very angry. (if this refers to a past habit; John may have changed or died since then)

    Julie walked the streets without an umbrella if it was raining."
    It was rumoured that Julie had walked the streets without an umbrella if it was raining.

    Here only the tense in the main clause changes. No changes are made in the if-clause as it does not express a condition but functions as a time clause.

    When reporting a second conditional, the following tense changes may be applied.
    Future time

    "If you came back tomorrow, I’d be able to help you." (reference to a possible future)
    She said if I went back tomorrow, she’d be able to help me. (reported on the same day)
    She said if I had gone back the next day, she would have been able to help me. (reported days later)

    Present time

    "If I had some chalk, I could write on the blackboard." (reference to the present)
    He said if he had had some chalk, he could have written on the blackboard.
    When reporting a third conditional, we apply no tense changes.

    "If they had been more careful, they wouldn't have been killed in the accident", the policeman muttered.
    The policeman remarked that they wouldn't have been killed in the accident if they had been more careful.

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      La date/heure actuelle est Mer 16 Aoû - 17:14